HOW TO CHOOSE A GOOD PROJECT TOPIC
First of all
before a research student can choose a good project topic, the individual
should be able to study their environment and the country he is in.
Some of the
important things to consider before choosing a project topic are the following:
is Background Research?
Background research is the research that you do before you start
writing your paper or working on your project. The background
forms the first section of a research article/thesis and justifies the need for
conducting the study and summarizes what the study aims to achieve.
help you develop your topic and sharpen, refine or change it in more perfects ways. Knowing
more about your topic's background can only help you develop a more effective
topic, and therefore, research paper.
The background of your study will provide context to the
information discussed throughout the research paper. Background information may
include both important and relevant studies. This is particularly important if
a study either supports or refutes your thesis.
In addition, the background of the study will discuss your
problem statement, rationale, and research questions. It links introduction to your research topic and
ensures a logical flow of ideas. Thus, it helps readers understand your
reasons for conducting the study.
characteristics of a good background study:
It is a summary of your interpretation of previous research and what
your study proposes to accomplish.
It need to give a general concept of the issue then narrowed it to the
specific by indicating the need to focus on the specific issue.
The ‘background’ must analyse a situation stating the problem or need
You should indicate your hypothesis and the assumptions with all the
The rational and justification for taking up the study must be given.
This generally includes the project rationale, research hypothesis or research
question, and a brief review of literature
. It also depicts your motivation for the study.
is a group problem-solving method
that involves the spontaneous contribution of creative ideas and solutions.
This technique requires intensive, freewheeling discussion in which every
member of the group is encouraged to think aloud and suggest as many ideas as
possible based on their diverse knowledge.
Once you think of
a broad topic that interests you, try to brainstorm all of the words or
concepts you can that might be related to that topic (and write them down!).
For example, if your topic is water, you have to comb through every branch of
water topics including chemical reaction of water, types of water, how to get
clean water through purification, etc.
Brainstorming techniques helps your team innovates and work
collaboratively underlying a four great principles that include:
Ø Quantity over quality
Ø Withhold criticism.
Ø Welcome the crazy ideas
Ø Combine, refine, and improve
Why is brainstorming important?
They can be very
effective for generating new ideas, and finding solutions to a problem. This is
largely due to the many advantages of brainstorming that help teams work more
collaboratively towards a common goal.
Some of the
advantages of brainstorming for businesses and individual productivity include:
a. Brainstorming allows people to think
more freely, without fear of criticism
b. Brainstorming encourages open and
ongoing collaboration to solve problems and generate innovative ideas and team
c. Brainstorming helps teams generate a
large number of ideas quickly, refining
and merging to create the ideal solution.
d. Brainstorming allows teams to reach
conclusions by consensus, leading to a more well-rounded and better informed
e. Brainstorming helps team members
feel more comfortable bouncing ideas off one another, even outside of a
f. Brainstorming introduces different
perspectives, and opens the door to out-of-the-box innovations.
g. Brainstorming helps team members get
ideas out of their heads and into the world, where they can be expanded upon,
refined, and put into action.
h. Brainstorming is great for team
What is a
research question is a question that a study or research project aims to
answer. This question often addresses an issue or a problem, which, through
analysis and interpretation of data, is answered in the study’s conclusion.
are three types of research questions:
Ø Quantitative research is the process of
collecting and analyzing numerical data. It can be used to find patterns and
averages, make predictions, test causal relationships, and generalize results
to wider populations. You
can use quantitative research methods for descriptive, correlation or
Ø Qualitative research
involves collecting and analyzing non-numerical data (e.g., text, video, or
audio) to understand concepts. It can be used to gather in-depth insights into
a problem or generate new ideas for research. Qualitative research is the
opposite of quantitative
research, which involves collecting and analyzing numerical data
for statistical analysis.
Ø Mixed-methods studies are the use of
both quantitative and qualitative research methods.
IN DEVELOPING A REARCH QUESTION:
1. Start with a broad topic.
A broad topic provides researchers with plenty of avenues
to explore in their search for a viable research question. Techniques to help
you develop a topic into subtopics and potential research questions include
brainstorming and concept mapping.
2. Do preliminary research to learn about topical issues.
Once you have picked a topic, you can start doing
preliminary research. This initial stage of research accomplishes two goals.
First, a preliminary review of related literature allows you to discover issues
that are currently being discussed by scholars and fellow researchers.
3. Narrow down your topic and determine potential research
Once you have gathered enough knowledge on the topic you
want to pursue, you can start focusing on a more specific area of study. One
option is to focus on gaps in existing knowledge or recent literature.
4. Evaluate the soundness of your research question.
Your initial research and review of related literature will
have produced some interesting questions that seem like they’re worth pursuing.
However, not all interesting questions make for sound research questions
5. Construct your research question properly.
Once you have
come up with a broad topic and done some background research, you may want to
develop a research question, or a question you're going to answer in your paper
by doing more, in-depth research.
YOUR GENERAL APPROACH TO THE TOPIC?
Think about some
general approaches that may help you further develop your topic: use a
historical angle by focusing on a particular time period; a geographical angle,
focusing on a particular part of the world; or a sociological angle, focusing
on a particular group of people.
research topic is narrowing (or sometimes broadening) a topic so that you can
demonstrate a good understanding of it, including enough examples and important
details, within the size limits of the project you are required to produce.
for Deciding on a Research Topic
START DOING SOME
EXPLORATORY, IN-DEPTH RESEARCH.
What is in depth research?
is research to find sources that
support your thesis, based on your preliminary research and topic.
As you do more
in-depth research, like looking for scholarly articles, books, and other
sources to include in your paper, you can and probably will modify or refine
your topic based on what you find.
Why is important
to do an in-depth research on a topic:
It expands your knowledge base
Research gives you the latest information
It helps you know what you’re up against
It builds your credibility
It helps you narrow your scope
It teaches you better discernment
It introduces you to new ideas
It helps with problem-solving
Research helps you reach people
Research encourages curiosity
“Do research. Feed your talent. Research not only wins the war
on cliché, it's the key to victory over fear and it's cousin, depression.”